Feature, Symbolbild, der Spielball auf dem Sockel mit Bundesliga Logo. Deutschland, Stuttgart, 05.03.2022, Fussball, Bundesliga: VfB Stuttgart vs Borussia Moenchengladbach, Saison 2021/2022, 25. Spieltag, Mercedes-Benz Arena Foto: A2 Bildagentur/Peter Hartenfelser DFL/DFB REGULATIONS PROHIBIT ANY USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS AS IMAGE SEQUENCES AND/OR QUASI-VIDEO. *** Feature, symbol image, the match ball on the base with Bundesliga logo Germany, Stuttgart, 05 03 2022, football, Bundesliga VfB Stuttgart vs Borussia Moenchengladbach, season 2021 2022, 25 match day, Mercedes Benz Arena Foto A2 Bildagentur Peter Hartenfelser DFL DFB REGULATIONS PROHIBIT ANY USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS AS IMAGE SEQUENCES AND OR QUASI VIDEO

UEFA Champions League match-day 1 presented a stern test for Lucien Favre and Borussia Dortmund. Off the back of a 3-1 win over Eintracht Frankfurt, Dortmund were looking to perform even better against their Belgian opponents, Club Brugge. Brugge on the other hand, came into the game hoping to turn their 3 -game winning streak into 4.

The game resulted in a 1-0 win for Borussia Dortmund. However, the tactical performance was rather poor as Brugge controlled the direction of the game despite Dortmund having 60% possession. Luckily, just like last week’s game, it took a pair of substitutes to combine and score the winner to grab all 3 points. Let’s take a tactical look at how the game panned out…


Borussia Dortmund(4-2-3-1):

Burki; Piszczek, Akanji, Diallo, Schmelzer; Weigl, Witsel; Wolf, Gotze, Sancho; Reus

Club Brugge:(3-1-4-2):

Letica; Poulain, Mitrovic, Denswil; Rits; Vlietinck, Vormer, Vanaken, Danjuma; Vossen, Wesley

1st Half: Brugge Dominate In All Phases Of  The Game

As Borussia Dortmund pressed high, right from the start it was clear that their pressing structure was not going to trouble Brugge(3-1-4-2) at all. The 4-2-3-1 formation saw Reus step up to pressure the centre-backs(already a 3v1 overload), while Gotze man-marked Ritz in central midfield. Witsel and Weigl were pinned back by Vormer and Vanaken and this is where the issue lay. They were unable to step forward and cover the halfspaces in the event that Sancho and Wolf were pulled out of position. The wide forwards were positioned in-between Brugge’s wide-centrebacks and wing-backs, with the hope of defending 2 players at once, by blocking the passing channel. This tactic failed because, either Vormer or Vanaken could drop in front of Witsel or Weigl(and just behind the wide forwards, but in the halfspaces) and receive passes from the centre-backs, before playing a pass out wide and progressing(thus completely eliminating Dortmund’s front 4 in one pass). If one of the wide forwards had access to the ball, you would usually see a curved run while they pressed the wide centre-back. But Brugge could just switch play as they had a 3v1 overload in their backline.

Borussia Dortmund Club Brugge UEFA Champions League Tactical Analysis

Borussia Dortmund Club Brugge UEFA Champions League Tactical AnalysisThey not only had a 3v1 overload at the back but once passes were played into midfield, they would then have a 5v3 overload(or a situational 3v2 out wide). It was overloads galore for Brugge as they took advantage of the spaces they had in the wide areas throughout the 1st half. They were direct in possession, looking to create chances for their 2 large forwards from wide areas. They also had the other wing-back coming in on the far side, and either Vormer or Vanaken arriving late on the edge of the area. When a cross wasn’t on, they could simply switch play as, Dortmund would have to have shifted across, leaving a free Brugge man on the ball-far side. They had a total of 7  shots in and around the box, but their shooting accuracy let them down as they went agonizingly close on several occasions. Brugge, as well as they played, shot themselves in the foot, by not capitalizing on the quality of chances they had.

Now, this may sound like Brugge dominated possession in the 1st half? Not at all. Borussia Dortmund did. The problem for Dortmund was that it was so easy for Brugge to break past their press and establish possession higher up the field. The main reason for this was because Schmelzer and Piszczek constantly had to push forward and provide width in attack, leaving gaps in behind them. That was the area Brugge would always play the ball into, as quickly as they could upon winning possession.

The first problem Dortmund had in possession was Favre’s choice of player personnel. He started with the wrong group of players just like he did against Frankfurt. I shouldn’t be overly critical and judgmental without facts, but I am not sure why he picks certain players to start over others. For starters, he paired Weigl and Witsel together in defensive midfield. If he used a 3-man midfield, then the pairing could’ve worked, with a more advanced and creative midfielder to accompany the two. However, he used them both in defensive midfield which was a problem as they’re too similar. They’re both players who dictate play from deep and rarely venture into advanced midfield areas. As I’ll elaborate upon later in this piece, Favre should’ve started Dahoud and chosen one over the other, as he never considered using a 3-man midfield. Borussia Dortmund’s tempo in possession was slow as they were always forced into backwards and sideways passes and hardly ever penetrated Brugge’s midfield block.

Brugge spent most of the 1st half, in a deep-midfield block. They used a position-oriented zonal marking system, with their players intent on remaining in their positions and marking zones in relation to their teammates. Their midfielders were well coordinated however Dortmund did little to trouble them. Mario Gotze was often isolated inside their midfield block as Witsel and Weigl always remained deep, in front of Brugge’s midfielders and sometimes even in front of their forwards. Gotze, who was the only one of received the ball in behind Brugge’s midfield line often did so with his back to goal, meaning there was no progression beyond him and combinations in tight areas weren’t viable because of the midfield overload.

Borussia Dortmund Club Brugge UEFA Champions League Tactical Analysis

When Jadon Sancho ventured infield, he had only had Reus running in behind the defence(Mario Gotze’s role was to create chances by playing in runners not make the runs himself). This meant his only option would be Wolf on the far side which also wasn’t viable. Brugge would just shift and overload him in wide areas. So what was Dortmund’s solution? Their fullbacks would push forward to support play and provide width. But this was an underwhelming move because Brugge always had players ready to shift and defend out wide. They also packed the box with players and without a target man, Dortmund’s crosses were ineffective. They did have 2 decent chances from crossing opportunities over the 90 minutes but that was caused by lapses in concentration rather than brilliant attacking play. Of the 8 1st half shots that they had, 5 were from range, which was really disappointing. Brugge’s pressing style was passive, they weren’t easily manipulated by the ball. So what Dortmund required was either a change in shape to a 4-3-3 with wingers positioned high and wide or players such as Dahoud to speed up play and find passes to exploit the rare 1v1 situation. Maybe Max Phillip should’ve started up front with Reus playing the hole behind him or out wide(left or right) to create better crossing chances or draw 2/3 players around him opening up space elsewhere.

The 1st half ended 0-0. To win the 2nd half, Brugge needed their shooting boots and Dortmund needed a structural/personnel adjustment.

2nd Half: Brugge Switch to a 4-4-2, Dortmund Continue To Struggle in Possession But Score Through a Freak Goal

Manager Ivan Leko instructed his side to change their shape to a 4-4-2 at half-time. Ivan Lenko must’ve taken note of the large amount of space Dortmund had out wide as Schmelzer and Piszczek were constantly outnumbered. The 4-4-2 allowed them to attack with two out and out wingers, and fullbacks who could overlap and support the attack too. With Mario Gotze having disappeared from the game, he must’ve felt this was a risk he could take, despite the conceding a 3v2 advantage to Dortmund in midfield.

In the first 15-25 minutes, the playing patterns of the 1st half were repeated. Dortmund were subpar in possession despite having an extra man in midfield. They struggled to combine and progress in tight areas during passing and movement plays and they were just too slow and predictable.

Borussia Dortmund Club Brugge UEFA Champions League Tactical Analysis

Brugge continued to transition into attack by exploiting the space in behind Dortmund’s full-backs. Their counter-attacking was more effective however as this 15-25 minute period wore on, the quality of their attacking play diminished(execution of crosses, movement etc.). There were two reasons for this.  Firstly, they couldn’t establish themselves high up the pitch for long periods anymore because they no longer had a numerical advantage in central areas. This meant that regardless of their movement, their shape wasn’t as expansive as it was in the 1st half. The ball wasn’t doing as much work as it did. This put the emphasis on the wide players to create chances. And because they weren’t able to do that, their chances came only during counter-attacks meaning they were constantly up and down the flanks. As the last 3rd of the game edged closer the wide players began to tire, and they became more focused on preserving the stalemate.

The substitutions in between the 70th and 80 minutes had little impact for both sides, until Lucien Favre brought on Mahmoud Dahoud, in the 83rd minute. A 2 minutes later, Dortmund were 1-0 up. Take a look at the video below:

Firstly, Dahoud realises that in order to create space they must be patient but in an unpredictable manner. He constantly makes sideways passes but his movement is always forward and Brugge get lulled into thinking that they have the game under control. Dahoud and Dortmund eventually find themselves in the final 3rd and Dahoud makes the key pass forward into Pulisic. Neither Weigl nor Witsel was able to get into such a good advanced position all game. So Dortmund finally took advantage of their extra midfield man. Watch the video the second time and notice how Dahoud signals for a player to enter the no.10 space, which Kagawa ends up doing. He ends up dragging his marker out of position after a sequence of play allowing Dahoud to enter that space and create the key pass. Although it was unlucky for Mitrovic to clear straight into Pulisic for a goal, this is why Dortmund a good possession game is important. Not only do you have the ability to create more chances but the defending team is more likely to make errors under pressure deep in their own half.


The end result was neither fair nor unfair despite Brugge controlling the game for at least 70 minutes. Their 1st half performance was admirable and it’ll be interesting to see how Diego Simeone’s Atletico Madrid deal with their flying fullbacks. Dortmund on the other hand will have to ‘gel’ much faster than anticipated with a crucial fixture against Hoffenheim this weekend. It is still unclear as to how they’ll perform against stronger sides this season, although teams who take the initiative against them will be welcomed as Favre’s team thrive on counter attacks. This is worrying because when they have to take the initiative against teams, they just aren’t finding it as easy. Of the 10 goals they’ve scored, 40% have been from set-pieces, while 50% have come after 80 minutes of play. This indicates that they’re struggling to break teams down during phases of possession. How Favre will fix this problem will be interesting because it has an impact on the defensive side of the game too.