Feature, Symbolbild, der Spielball auf dem Sockel mit Bundesliga Logo. Deutschland, Stuttgart, 05.03.2022, Fussball, Bundesliga: VfB Stuttgart vs Borussia Moenchengladbach, Saison 2021/2022, 25. Spieltag, Mercedes-Benz Arena Foto: A2 Bildagentur/Peter Hartenfelser DFL/DFB REGULATIONS PROHIBIT ANY USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS AS IMAGE SEQUENCES AND/OR QUASI-VIDEO. *** Feature, symbol image, the match ball on the base with Bundesliga logo Germany, Stuttgart, 05 03 2022, football, Bundesliga VfB Stuttgart vs Borussia Moenchengladbach, season 2021 2022, 25 match day, Mercedes Benz Arena Foto A2 Bildagentur Peter Hartenfelser DFL DFB REGULATIONS PROHIBIT ANY USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS AS IMAGE SEQUENCES AND OR QUASI VIDEO

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Borussia Dortmund extended their lead to nine points heading into the Christmas break. Lucien Favre’s yellow and black army beat Werder Bremen 2-1 at the electric Westfalenstadion, making that six league wins in a row and adding to their unbeaten run.

Thirty-eight of the last 55 teams to head into the break at the top of the table have gone on to lift the Bundesliga title. Hopes are high in Dortmund. In the signature ‘modern jazz’ style of Favre’s side, a dynamic, thrilling and multifaceted performance should have ended in a goal tally higher than two. Despite this, his side performed in a way fans have come to expect. But what exactly did they do? In this tactical analysis, I’ll explore that a little deeper.


The line-up for the home side remains relatively uniform with the tried and tested 4-2-3-1, leaning on the double pivot of Thomas Delaney and Axel Witsel to transition play from front to back. One change, however, was the addition of Raphaël Guerreiro to replace Jacob Bruun Larsen after his virtuoso performance against Monaco in the Champions League.

Florian Kohfeldt’s Werder Bremen side stuck to the 4-3-1-2 that found success in their last league outing against Fortuna Düsseldorf.

Rapid shifts in tempo

Favre has been intent on creating a strong tactical identity at the club. One of the key aspects of his ‘modern jazz’ football is the ability to control the pace. Dortmund build play from the back patiently before exploding into action. Like the musical style, it’s unorthodox and unpredictable nature is endlessly exciting for fans. Unlike the music though, it can be a real headache.

One minute Bremen were moving the ball around at the back, but due to Dortmund’s fast and high pressing were quickly under pressure, forcing an error and dispossession here.
With balance in numeracy and positional superiority, Dortmund launch an attack. Guerreiro has spotted space in Dortmund’s prime location and the defender is on his heels.

Favre has implemented strict confines within which the players can apply more creativity and freedom. This is particularly evident in their impressive tempo shifts. There are two main avenues of attack. Both were apparent against Bremen and both were effective.

The main way is the build-up from the back. The two centre-backs, Abdou Diallo and Manuel Akanji, collect and move the ball scanning for space and combining with the double pivot of Delaney and Witsel.

Build-up from the back is patient. Delaney drops back to support the centre-backs allowing them to move the ball whilst scanning for openings.
Manuel Akanji drifted into the half-space to stretch the play giving the advanced players more room.

Dortmund’s often-aggressive pressing means that their high recovery is another situation where they are particularly dangerous. Another of Favre’s favourite tactical signatures, it created the side’s second goal against Bremen.

Quickly regaining possession acted as a trigger for the forwards to make their move. Here the central player with the ball (Alcácer) has numerous options.
Linking up well throughout the night, Alcácer fed the ball to Reus for a smart one-two leading to the second goal, again, with movement through the half-space.

Witsel key in transition

Witsel often inhibits a very central position, moving between left and right with Delaney, but very rarely straying too far wide. His role here is imperative to the way Dortmund are able to make quick transitions.

Slightly more advanced than usual, Witsel always manages to find space and move the ball either vertically or horizontally.
With space having been created, a pass to Łukasz Piszczek stretches play out wide and activates Sancho’s position.

Consistent and crucial, his role can easily be overlooked. Despite the differences in systems, he has very similar attributes to a prime Michael Carrick at Manchester United. Both have a great way of breaking up play, and a great sense of positioning.

Statistically, he was strong exactly where you’d want him to be. His 99% pass success rate was the highest on the field (for anyone with over five passes), which is all the more impressive considering his 68 passes were only one shy of being the most on the field. He had the highest possession of the ball on his side (6.5%) and took the second most touches (86).

A physical player with a good read of the game, Witsel can hold the ball or move it about until an opening is made. His ability to win back the ball and support the attack can’t be overlooked.
A successful pass to the attacking player, who has options and space over his shoulder, launched another assault.

Bremen didn’t make it easy for Dortmund at times, so having the option to keep a hold of the ball was imperative in such a match. Alongside Delaney in the double-pivot role, they are arguably the most important aspect of Favre’s tactical philosophy.

Clinical finishing from the half-space

Although Dortmund utilise the wings to build up a lot of their attacks, it usually isn’t for crossing. With only eight crosses to Bremen’s 26, Dortmund instead focused their attacks through the half-spaces.

These areas, especially on the edge of the box, are prime Dortmund real estate. From here they have players that are willing and able to pass, dribble or shoot their way to a goal. With 41 goals in 15 games (2.73 per game) they are also Europe’s most clinical side.

Having the numbers to attack and sufficient space in this area has been key to Dortmund’s success. Rather than rely on accurate crosses, they funnel attacks through the half-spaces to decrease the distance the ball has to travel and utilise their excellent capabilities of passing in tight spaces.
Due to the proximity to the goal and number of players, options are high. There are many passes available and less reliance on long-range shots. Thanks to an inspired back-heel from Achraf Hakimi, Dortmund created yet another chance this way.

Heading into this game, Dortmund were matched only by Paris Saint-Germain in the ranks of Europe’s most clinical squads, with both converting 21.5% of all chances. Favre’s penchant for eschewing the wings as an attacking outlet and working in the half-spaces is paying dividends.

It helps to have a goalscorer like Alcácer as a spearhead. It is, however, worth remembering that only two of his goals, including the one against Bremen, came from a starting position. The other nine were all from the bench. Alcácer is himself a case-study in economic finishing. Before this match, all 10 of his shots on target ended up as goals. No keeper had yet stopped an on-target effort from the Spaniard.


Dortmund’s tried and tested formula came out on top once again. It could easily have been two or three more goals for the home side. However, Bremen were also threatening and on a couple of occasions almost made their opponents pay for opportunities squandered.

The upcoming Bundesliga tie against 16th placed Fortuna Düsseldorf shouldn’t cause the in-form side any problems. It’s a chance to stack up on their goal difference and to do that, they need look no further than playing some more of that exhilarating ‘modern jazz’ football that they’ve been getting into the swing of.

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